First, you will need to determine what type of grass is best for your yard. You should check with your zoning and climate recommendations, as well as consult your local nursery for advice on the best types of lawn for your area. Choosing a grass specimen that is native to your area can go a long way in ensuring its health and vitality. By choosing the best grass type for your climate, area, and environment you will have the best success. You may also want to have your soil tested before selecting your grass as well. Having the soil tested before you plant is a great way to prepare the ground for the new lawn.
To ensure that your grass grows in the best form possible, you will need to pay special attention to how you prepare the soil before planting. Once you have your soil analyzed, you can adjust the soil to make sure it has the proper ph balance. Next, you should remove all preexisting weeds and other grass that is on the site. This is vital to preventing a problem with weed overgrowth later on. You should also double check that the ground is level or slopes in areas that are in accordance to your landscaping design. It may also be necessary to add more soil and create a more level foundation.
Once you have the results of your soil test and have prepared the ground, you can add fertilizer. This will ensure that your grass will grow abundantly and with the best chance of success. Once your seed is established (any where from 7-35 days) you will need to continue to take care of your lawn to ensure it remains green and vital. You should continually water your new lawn daily and have great patience. Keep people from walking on your newly established grass and you will give it the best chance to thrive. You won’t need to mow your new lawn for roughly 60-90 days after you have planted seed. However, once your lawn is long enough to mow, you will find that mowing is an effective tool for maintaining the health of your lawn. First, you should never mow more than a ½ at a time. Mowing your lawn too short can damage it. Always let the cuttings remain in the lawn so that they can help bring nutrients to the soil. About the same time you begin to mow, you can also begin to water the grass less frequently. Start decreasing the amount of watering to roughly 1-2 times per month. After you have decreased the frequency of watering and have begun mowing your lawn, you can apply the next application of fertilizer. By applying these tips, you will be rewarded with a lush and healthy green lawn.
One thing most people do wrong with their grass is cutting it too short. The shorter the blade the less moisture it can hold. The longer the grass is the harder it is for weeds to grow. I suggest about 2-3 inches in the spring and fall and about 3-4 inches in the summer. The only time you should cut your grass really short is when you plan on over seeding. This will help the seeds get a good start, while stunting your existing lawn.
The healthier your soil, the less time you will have to spend on your lawn. It will hold more water and require less fertilizer. Spraying your lawn with pesticides can have a negative effect on the soil in your lawn by killing insects that break down the nutrients needed. This will not happen if you use an organic fertilizer.
There are only 50 types of grass that are suitable for growing in our lawns. The rest of them would die from being cut too often. The 50 plants actually benefit from being cut so often. By mowing we reduce the leaves, this causing a reduction in photosynthesis. This causes the plant to produce more leaves, creating a thicker lawn.